Wed. Nov 13th, 2019

Psyciatrist University .com

Because psychiatrists are trained medical doctors, they can prescribe medications, and they spend much of their time with patients on medication management as a course of treatment. Psychologists focus extensively on psychotherapy and treating emotional and mental suffering in patients with behavioral intervention.

As part of the clinical assessment process, psychiatrists may employ a mental status examination; a physical examination; brain imaging such as a computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or positron emission tomography (PET) scan; and blood testing. Psychiatrists prescribe medicine, and may also use psychotherapy, although the vast majority do medical management and refer to a psychologist or other specialized therapist for weekly to bi-monthly psychotherapy.

The field of psychiatry has many subspecialties (also known as fellowships) that require additional training which are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) and require Maintenance of Certification Program (MOC) to continue.

These include the following:

Clinical neurophysiology

Forensic psychiatry

Addiction psychiatry

Child and adolescent psychiatry

Geriatric psychiatry

Hospice and palliative medicine

Pain management

Psychosomatic medicine (also known as consultation-liaison psychiatry)

Sleep medicine

Brain injury medicine

Cross-cultural psychiatry

Emergency psychiatry

Learning disability

Neurodevelopmental disorder

Cognition diseases as in various forms of dementia

Biological psychiatry

Community psychiatry

Global mental health

Military psychiatry

Social psychiatry

Sports psychiatry

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